Halacha » Halachot of Parashat Zachor

Halachot of Parashat Zachor

I understand that the reading of Parashat Zachor is a Biblical obligation (דאורייתא), but what are the implications of that?

There are a few things one should implement during the reading of Parashat Zachor that he normally doesn’t have to do.

  1. He should make sure to hear the Parasha from the most mehudar Sefer Torah that is available in the Shul.(חזו״ע עמוד ה)

  2.  Preferably, try to hear the Parasha from a Sefer Torah which was computer checked to make sure there aren’t any mistakes.

  3.  It’s correct to hear the Parasha from someone who reads it with one’s native pronunciation, thus a Sefaradi should try to listen from a Sefaradi and an Ashkenazi from an Ashkenazi. (חזו״ע עמ’ ח)

  4. One should listen to every word the person reads; but bedieved, if he didn’t, so long as one heard the main message of the reading, he has still fulfilled his obligation. (הליכות שלמה פי״ח ה״ב)

  5. Since we hold le’halacha that when one performs a Biblical mitzvah he must intend his heart to fulfill that mitzvah, therefore prior to hearing the Parasha of Zachor, one should have intention to fulfill that Mitzvah. (חיי״א כלל קנה ומשנ״ב סי’ תרפה ס״ק יד)

  6. Some Poskim wrote that one should intend to be Yotse with the Berachot as well, (ט״ז סי’ תרפה סק״ב ובפרמ״ג שם). Le’halacha most poskim say there is no such obligation, but if one wants to be strict and be yotse, he should ask the person saying the brachot to have him in mind.

  7. Those who didn’t hear the Zachor reading should try to find a Minyan reading it before eating, just like every other Biblical Mitzvah which one must ensure to perform before commencing a meal. (פסקי תשובות סי’ תרפה ס״ד)

  8. It’s correct to learn the meaning of this Parasha before hearing it, in order to understand the meaning of the pesukim. (נטעי גבריאל פי״ט ס״ה).