Halacha Language: English

Restrictions While Eating

One Table When a couple eats together, they need to have a reminder that they are in a state of niddah, and that the meal should not become overly romantic. It is forbidden for the couple to eat together at one table without a heker.[1] A heker is anything with a little bit of height […]

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Touching and Passing

Affectionate touch is forbidden by the Torah.[1] Chazal added on to this and prohibited all forms of touch.[2] To prevent a couple from touching even by mistake, there is an additional prohibition: a husband and wife may not pass objects directly from one to the other. Ashkenazim, and some Sephardim also prohibit throwing an object […]

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Sensitivities While Niddah

A couple must avoid putting themselves in a situation where there is excessive lightheadedness or giddiness which may easily lead to intimate situations. The couple must avoid frivolous interactions, and flirting with one another, as this can lead to a desire for intimate relations. This does not mean that a couple cannot make jokes, or […]

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Harchakot – Overview

The Torah prohibits sexual relations between a husband and wife during niddah, as well as other forms of intimate physical expression, such as hugging and kissing. Intimate touch is forbidden from the Torah. Chazal added a series of restrictions, called harchakot, on the conduct of a couple during the time of niddah. These restrictions are […]

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What is Considered Bread

The following is a short general explanation of which foods are included in “pat” – bread – and would have the halachot of pat akum. Only foods made from the five types of grain are included. The five grains are wheat, barley, spelt, oats, and rye. Foods made from corn flour or rice flour are […]

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When is Pat Akum Forbidden?

The Gemara (עבודה זרה לה) writes that Rebbi was visiting his students and he saw that they did not have bread to eat. Rebbi asked them “Do you not have bakers in this town?”. There are two opinions about what Rebbi meant to ask; either Rebbi was merely asking where were the Jewish bakers. Alternatively, […]

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Introduction to Pat Akum

The Mishna (עבודה זרה לה) writes that it is forbidden for a Jew to eat Pat akum, bread baked by a non-Jew baker. Rather one must only buy Pat Yisrael, bread baked by a Jewish baker. The main reason written in the Gemara is that bread is a very important part of daily life, and […]

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Tevila – Immersion in a Mikvah

After completing the chafifa, a woman must immerse herself in the mikvah. To properly immerse in the mikvah, a woman must be completely under the water, in a way that the water touches all her skin and hair at once. To best achieve this, a woman should stand with her legs spread slightly, arms extended, […]

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Chafifa – Preparing for Mikvah

Before immersion in a mikvah, it is necessary to be completely clean from any barrier that can come between the woman’s skin and the waters of the mikvah. Barriers include any foreign substance, even small amounts, which are on the skin. How to do Chafifa On the day of mikvah, one should refrain from eating […]

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Bedikot

A bedikah is performed with a soft, white cotton cloth. The cloth must be completely clean, and should be soft enough to easily maneuver into the various folds of the vagina. Cloths are available at most Jewish supermarkets. They can also be purchased online from https://bedikahcloths.com/ (UK and most of Europe), and from https://www.mikvah.org (USA). […]

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